Conserve Water in Your Garden
Amend Your Soil
Soil that has a lot of compost, worm castings and other organic material helps with the growth of beneficial bacteria and organisms that will keep the soil light, nutrient rich and requiring less water. See DIY Soil Mix.
Live in a place where outside composting isn’t an option? You can still compost for your garden – give Bokashi composting a try.
Plant in Raised Beds
Planting your garden in raised beds has many benefits, one of those being is to conserve water. When you plant in raised beds, with plants closer together, you have less area to water. In traditional gardening you end up watering a lot of ground that has nothing growing. See Raised Garden Bed Benefits.
Water by Hand or Drip System
You’ll be able to conserve water when you have more control over it. If you are a backyard gardener you may be able to water by hand with a can or hose. Another great option for conservation is the drip system – getting water right to the source! Watering with sprinklers are not efficient and will waste water on areas that are not growing.
Water Early in the Morning
You can conserve water by watering early, so it doesn’t evaporate quickly. This morning watering is especially important in dry, hot climates like Arizona.
Keep Your Garden Weed Free
Weeds use water! If you want to conserve water for your vegetable garden then you want to make sure that weeds aren’t using it! They’ll use your nutrients too – total opportunists.
Mulch That Garden
Mulching your garden can conserve water AND strengthen your soil! Mulch will insulate your soil, slowing down evaporation and keeping it from becoming hard. Soil that is mulched maintain more even temperatures and are cooler in the summer. You can mulch with many different materials with different added benefits. Check out Mulches for Water Conservation for lots of information!
Plant According to Your Zone
Not every zone is planting and growing the same vegetables at the same time. You’ll be able to conserve water in your garden by simply planting the vegetables that do best for your zone and season. If you’re trying to grow lettuce in the desert, during the summer; you’re going to use A LOT of water and be utterly frustrated. Find your zone and get in touch with your local extension office for planting calendars.
Invest in a Rain Barrel
Gather that water that falls from the sky, for free! Having rain barrels allows you to capture water during the wetter seasons for use later. The investment may be a bit upfront but it will pay off in the long run. If you like a DIY project, you can try your hand at making your own rain barrel.
Consider Using Grey Water
You can use grey water in your vegetable gardens. This should never be water that has come in contact with cleaners, human waste or other chemicals that could be harmful to people, animals or plants. Check out Greywater Reuse – tons of information on collection and use.
You don’t have to do everything I have listed to conserve water in your garden; start where you can! The longer you garden the more you can implement these ideas and tools into your backyard homestead.